Archive | August, 2008

Jewelry Bargains at HSN.com

31 Aug

HSN is a leading interactive multi-channel retailer, with eight unique and compelling lifestyle brands. HSN offers innovative, differentiated retail experiences on TV, online, in catalogs, and brick and mortar stores. HSN comprises the Company's TV network which reaches 90 million homes and hsn.com, one of the top 10 most trafficked e-commerce sites. E-commerce currently comprises approximately 33% of HSN's sales. Click on the pics for more info.

designer gold and gemstone ring
Victoria Wieck Swiss Blue & White Topaz 14k Gold Bezel Ring
The piece's oval Brazilian Swiss blue topaz (approx. 12x10mm) poses in a contemporary bezel setting. Pavé-set, round Chinese white topaz (approx. 1mm) serenade the center stone, while vintage-minded filigree from the ring's open shoulders and gallery.
$299

handcrafted jewelry pendant
Jay King Ruby Fuchsite Sterling Silver Pendant and 18" Bead Necklace
A diamond-shaped ruby fuchsite cabochon (approx. 38x22mm) is bezel-set in a frame of "twisted" sterling silver. Modified barrel-shaped ruby fuchsite beads (approx. 10×6 to 16x12mm) graduate larger towards the front of the necklace.
$120

gold necklace
The Look by Randolph Duke 36" Geometric Station Necklace
Double rows of cable chains loop through alternating round and square stations to create the necklace. A hammered texture swathes the circle stations while a wavy texture lends dimension to the square stations.
$50

wood bangle bracelets
R. J. Graziano "Natural Duo" 2-piece 8" Bangle Bracelet Set
Pay homage to the beauty of nature with this R.J. Graziano "Natural Duo" 2-piece Bangle Bracelet Set. Two identical bangle bracelets are composed of wood and boast a rounded exterior. Square edges makes these bangles great for stacking.
$25

gold link chain necklace
Timeless Goldâ„¢ 14K Polished Graduated Mesh 18" Necklace
Let the light seep through this Timeless Gold 14K Polished Graduated Mesh Necklace. This yellow gold necklace features an intricate weave of double circle links, forming mesh-like pattern. The design graduates in size toward the center, attracting the eye with an undeniable gleam.
$379

designer pendant
Technibond® Chocolate Square Multitextured Pendant with 18" Rolo Link Chain
Dripping with decadence, this chocolate Technibond pendant features a square shape with a slightly domed silhouette. The top portion of the square boasts a textured finish, while the bottom portion of the square gleams with a polished finish. A curved, etched line separated the two finished, creating a unique, geometric appearance.
$45

designer gold earrings
14k Medium Heart-Design 3-Hoop Earrings
Three hearts are better than one with these 14k Medium Heart-Design 3-Hoop Earrings. These yellow gold drop earrings showcase two diamond-cut finish hearts sandwiching a larger polished heart. Sparkling with every turn of the head, these earrings easily achieve evening-out status.
$109

gold gemstone ring
.9ct African Amethyst 14k Gold Solitaire Ring
Our African Amethyst 14K Solitaire Ring isn't one to share a spotlight. Simply stunning, the piece shows off a lone, oval African amethyst (approx. 8x6mm) nestled into a multiple-prong setting.
$100

cuff watch
Heidi Daus Art Deco-Style Multicolor Crystal Cuff Bracelet Watch
Find decadent distinction with this Heidi Daus Art Deco-Style Multicolor Crystal Cuff Bracelet Watch. A hinged, oxidized bronzetone cuff bracelet keeps things interesting with beaded, metalwork geometric designs. More than 400 bezel- and pavé-set, multisized round jeweltone crystals intensify the Art Deco-inspired timepiece.
$70

crystal bangle watch
Victoria Wieck Crystal Covered Face Bangle Watch
Don't be fooled by the gorgeous exterior. Victoria Wieck's covered face bangle watch knows when its time to get serious, too. Round crystals charm from bezel and pavé settings, and pose atop the open, ribbon metalwork swirling across the watch's band. Textured for style, and hinged for comfort, the bangle-style band conceals the watch face when it's time to get . . . not-so-serious.
$59

Have a great week!
Maggie

Arista Fine Jewelry Collection

29 Aug

Arista designs are inspired by the art, architecture, and mythology of the ancient world. Each adornment is individually crafted on the beautiful island of Bali from sterling silver and 18k gold by some of the finest silversmiths and artisans in the world. Opportunities to be adorned with Arista vary from old world masquerades to an upscale, modern dinner party.

silver and citrine ring
Arista Rectangle Citrine Ring
Lady's sterling silver and eighteen-karat yellow gold engraved ring mounted with a faceted natural lemon citrine.
$265

Arista fuses these two periods of time into one magnificent jewelry line. Every piece in the line is highly detailed and carefully accented with a dark oxidization. This art emulates the practice of old world because jewelry in that time period did not have tarnish resistant coatings. Therefore the high points of any jewelry kept its shine by the owner constantly wearing it.

silver and blue topaz ring
Arista Round Sky Blue Topaz Engraved Ring
Lady's Arista sterling silver and eighteen-karat yellow gold engraved ring mounted with a faceted natural sky blue topaz.
$400

The craftsmen who create Arista's fine jewelry are as attuned with nature as their ancestors. So, perhaps, it is fitting that Arista derives its name from the brightest star in the constellation Virgo – as clear and visible in the unpolluted night sky over the peaceful, idyllic island of Bali as it was centuries ago.

silver and gold ring
Arista Large Rectangle Engraved Ring
Lady's Arista sterling silver and eighteen-karat yellow gold large rectangle engraved ring.
$390

Some jewelry that is crafted in the style of centuries past is too curvy and swirly and over the top for my taste. Clean contemporary designs are definitely my favorites. But if you throw a large gorgeous gemstone in the mix and keep the curlicues to a minimum, I find it quite attractive. I fell in love with some of their rings – the gemstones are breathtaking, and the prices are affordable.

And if you like all the patterns and flourishes, you'll find lots to like in the Arista Jewelry Collection. You can see the fine Old World craftsmanship in these pieces. Click on the link to see more of this fabulous jewelry.

Andrew Hamilton Crawford Jewelry

28 Aug

Fashion Jewelry
Dubbed "the newest 'it' accessory designers," Andrew Hamilton Crawford has crafted a collection of fresh fashion jewelry that has quickly gained popularity all over the world. Southern-born New York designers Chad Crawford and Andrew Tessier have created unique, high quality pieces that are all made from Sterling Silver or 18k Gold Vermeil.

designer pendant
Enamel High Heel Shoe Pendant
Red enamel pendant with Swarovski crystals embedded in the heel.
$125

Recently, the Andrew Hamilton Crawford jewelry collection has garnered both national and international attention for its creation of a unique and inventive line of resin jewelry. Prized for its durability and vivid colors, this versatile and impressive resin line is the perfect way to add a pop of color to a pair of jeans, bring style to an office wardrobe, or a flash of excitement to that little black dress.

gold locket pendant
Gold Peacock Locket
peacocks are a symbol of protection, so store a photo of your love, or a treasured memento in this fully functioning gold vermeil locket. Embellished with a glass enamel peacock, this locket comes on an 18" chain.
$248

With a sharp eye for details and an exciting range of products, Andrew Hamilton Crawford makes quality fashion jewelry accessible to every woman, no matter what her personal style. Whether it's a fun and flirty necklace, or one of their elegant signature bracelets, Andrew Hamilton Crawford jewelry represents the best in style and design.

silver and resin bangle bracelet
Translucent Fuchsia Resin Bubble Bangle
These fun resin bangles are perfect on their own but even better stacked.
Oval shape and spring-loaded hinge makes it perfect for any wrist size.
Sterling silver with resin backdrop.
$219

Chad Crawford's background is in fine jewelry, and Andrew Tessier started his career in costume design – the mixing of these two mediums resulted in a jewelry line that is luxurious, playful, and attention-grabbing.

Melinda Maria Designer Jewelry

27 Aug

Jewelry Designer
Melinda's passion for jewelry design begin at the young age of 10, when she began to redesign her mother's jewelry. Over the years, she developed her unique designs. In 2005, she launched her exciting Spring Collection. With her intricate and innovative pieces, the young designer quickly made a name for herself. Now Melinda Maria Jewelry is found in the hottest stores in Los Angeles, including Fred Segal, Lisa Kline, Ron herman, and Belle Gray.

gold vermeil necklace
22k Gold Five Etched Leaf Necklace
22k Gold Vermeil Five Etched Leaf Necklace.
18" long.
$345

Melinda also adorns some of Hollywood's hottest celebrities: Eva Longoria, Katherine Heigl, Hayden Panettiere, Pink, Hillary Duff, Jessica Alba, and Uma Thurman have all worn her original pieces, on the red carpet and in television shows such as Grey's Anatomy and Desperate Housewives. Melinda's Collections have also been featured in E!, Us Weekly, Daily Candy, InStyle, and O, Oprah's magazine to name a few.

hammered gold necklace
22k Gold Mighty Goddess Double Disc Necklace
22K Vermeil hammered double disc necklace.
Each disc: 3/4" in height and 9/32" in width
33 1/4" in length and 5/8" in width
$1120

Melinda also devotes her time and talents to charity endeavors. She's involved in several African charities including The Name Campaign, which benefits the children in war-torn Uganda. She designed gold, platinum, and silver nameplate necklaces to raise money and awareness for the cause, and they were featured in several magazines and on The Oprah Winfrey Show.

gold gemstone pendant
Gold Vermeil & Black Onyx Hammered Necklace
22k Gold Vermeil X hammered pendant with four Black Onyx stones on a 26" necklace.
Pendant: 2 1/8" in height and 1 7/16" in width.
$350

Melinda works with only the highest quality stones and stone-cutters, and her pieces are delicately handcrafted by the finest of jewelers, so each piece is guaranteed to be unique and exquisite.

Working from her Santa Monica studio, Melinda attributes the ocean breeze and a peaceful work environment to helping her inspiration flow, as she creates exciting new designs for her upcoming collections.

Irish Claddagh Rings

26 Aug

The Legend
The original Claddagh ring is generally attributed to Richard Joyce of Galway. Joyce departed from Claddagh, a small fishing village where the waters of the River Corrib meet Galway Bay, on a ship enroute to the plantations of the West Indies. His ship was captured by Mediterranean Algerian pirates and the crew were sold as a slaves. Richard Joyce was sold to a Moorish goldsmith who trained Richard in his craft.

gold Claddagh ring
14k Yellow Gold Ladies Claddagh Icon Wedding Ring
Width 7mm
$999

Richard Joyce soon became a master goldsmith, and handcrafted a ring for the woman at home he could not forget. In 1689, he was released after William III came to the throne of England and concluded an agreement whereby all his subjects who were held in captivity by the Moors were to be allowed return home.

gold and silver ring
Sterling Silver & 14k Gold Claddagh Fusion Ladies Ring
6mm from top of crown to tip of heart.
Available in sizes 5 – 9.
Handmade in Ireland.
$129

The Moorish goldsmith offered Richard his only daughter in marriage and half his wealth if he would remain in Algiers. Richard declined and returned to Claddagh to find that the woman he loved had never married. He gave her the ring he had made, and they were married. He set up a goldsmith shop in the town and began making rings. The earliest claddagh rings to be traced bear his mark and the initial letters of his name.

designer gold ring
Ladies 14k Yellow Gold Trinity Knot Claddagh Ring
7.2mm from the top of the crown to the tip of the heart.
Handmade and hallmarked in Ireland.
$375

According to tradition, the ring is taken to signify the wish that Love and friendship should reign supreme. The hands signify friendship, the crown loyalty, and the heart love. These rings were kept as heirlooms with great pride and passed from mother to daughter.

Today, the ring is worn extensively across Ireland, either on the right hand with the heart turned outwards showing that the wearer is fancy free, or with the heart turned inward to denote that he or she is spoken for. The pride of placement is on the left hand with the heart turned in, indicating that the wearer has found true love.

Lisa K Designer Jewelry

25 Aug

Lisa Kerson is the founder and CEO of Lisa K Design, a New York City based jewelry design firm. Her dramatic jewelry is influenced by her background in performing arts and her love of travel. The results are creative, fresh, and tasteful. Current collections are titled Lace Cake, Tea Leaf, and Lollipop, each offering distinctly different designs. The Classic collection is composed of signature Lisa K pieces that remain popular each season. All designs incorporate either sterling silver or 14k gold vermeil, often cleverly combined with semiprecious stones, other natural materials, and Swarovski crystals.

designer gold pendant
Lisa K Gold 'Tea Leaf' Pendant Necklace
Inspired by her background in the performing arts and her love of travel, Lisa Kerson's namesake jewelry line, Lisa K, epitomizes chic, elegant design.
• Delicate chain link
• Mesh leaf pendant
• Lobster clasp closure with 2¾'' jump chain
• 16'' long chain
• 1½" long x ¾" wide pendant
• 1¾" drop from front of neck
• All measurements are approximate
• 14k Gold Plated
$165

Three years after launching Lisa K Design, she opened a showroom in midtown Manhattan as part of the company's expansion plans. Lisa K jewelry is available at select Saks Fifth Avenue and Bloomingdales locations, specialty stores throughout the country and the company website, LisaK.net. Lisa's father, Bob Kerson, is the chairman and founder of Kerson Partners Limited, a retail executive search firm.

gold flower pendant
Lisa K Double Flower Necklace in Gold and Pearl
A beautiful small and large filigree flower pendant wire wrapped with stones into the chain. The handwork involved is incredible.
Two Strands on one adjustable clasp
14k gold vermeil with glass pearls
Small pendant 1"h x .5"w
Large pendant 2"x2"
$370

Lisa K Design has been featured in WWD, Accessories Magazine, Elle Accessories, The New York Post, Glamour, InStyle, Hamptons Magazine, OK! and Us Weekly. Clientele includes Teri Hatcher, Mischa Barton, Jessica Simpson, Christina Applegate, Aisha Tyler, Maria Menounos, and Beth Ostrosky.

designer gold earrings
Lisa K Gold 'Lace Cake' Medallion Earrings
Inspired by her background in the performing arts and her love of travel, Lisa Kerson's namesake jewelry line, Lisa K, epitomizes chic, elegant design.
$105

Lisa K Designs have been worn by celebrities on Entertainment Tonight, Regis and Kelly, The View, MTV, VH1, Spike TV, The Glamour "Woman of the Year" Awards, The VMAs, Emmys, Critic's Choice Awards, and The Golden Globes. Lisa frequently serves as a trend consultant to fashion editors and stylists.

Designer Fashion Jewelry at Vivre.com

24 Aug

The goal at Vivre.com is to create an experience where you will never fail to discover something new to inspire and delight you. It might be the work of a new artist whose handcrafted pieces will be a treasured addition to your collection, the gift that perfectly expresses your appreciation for a friend, or unique jewelry that helps you create your signature style – pieces that you will wear again and again, this season and for seasons to come.

clear crystal ring
Coco Swarovski Square Ring by Thad Cline
Clean shapes and textural materials make this ring a modern necessity. Open square, hand-cut Swarovski crystal is affixed to a sterling silver base ring. 1¼" diameter.
$350

Lucite and gemstone bracelet
Diana Cuffs by Francesca Romana Diana
This stone and Lucite cuff is crowned with a smooth oval-cut stone set in gold vermeil. Capturing a modern ideal with simple shapes, this oversize cuff is a cool alternative to heavy metals. Choose amethyst, black onyx, green turquoise, or white dolomite. Measures 3" wide.
$275

designer cocktail rings
Emerald Cut Cocktail Rings by Kenneth Jay Lane
A sleek cocktail ring with an oversize shape, this emerald-cut Swarovski crystal stunner is a sure way to make an entrance. Goldtone band with adjustable fit. Choose pink or aqua.
$100

silver heart pendant
Sterling Silver Motif Coeur Pendant Necklace by Christofle
This silver heart is anything but icy. A 925 sterling silver silhouette hangs at an attractively angle from a glossy black cord. A wonderful gift for mates or mothers, this necklace shows the world where you keep your heart.
$240

Python embossed bracelets
Python Medium Bangle by Ted Rossi
Serpentine scales shine along a medium metallic bangle. Mix sizes or colors for a soft metallic edge on accessories. Choose silver or gold. Measures 1 1/8" x 2½" diam.
$95

gold hoop earrings
Satin Gold Wrapped Hoop Earrings by Kenneth Jay Lane
Thick hoops wrapped in ridges of gold arc from earlobes. These post earrings add metallic edge to outfits for day or night. Gold.
$45

gold gemstone ring
Jet Stone Ring by Dominique Denaive
Dominique Denaive's gold jet ring creates a stylish effect. The unusual style of the gold band mimics the natural form of its jet stone centerpiece. Jet, popular in the 1920s in long necklaces worn by flappers, is set here in a shining squared band of gold. Sizes S-L.
$84

bead bracelet
Irregular Beaded Bracelet by SURevolution
Inspired by shapes that occur in nature, these stones are an ode to the organic. A smooth texture and a elasticizing style makes stacking them easy. Choose silvertone or goldtone.
$35

crystal bead necklace
Gold Chain Pebble Necklace by Kenneth Jay Lane
Crystal clear beads melt in luminous puddles along the links of a glamorous goldtone chain. Daring as a single strand or doubled for fun. S-hook closure. Clear. Generous 64" length.
$200

leather and gemstone bangles
Woven Bangles by Francesca Romana Diana
Woven bangles in jewel tones is highlighted by a center gold or silver-plated band with semi-precious gems. Measures 1 ½" wide. Choose red with yellow gold and jasper, green with yellow gold and dolomite, yellow with yellow gold and dolomite, or brown with sterling silver and turquoise.
$240

Have a great week!
Maggie

Yasuko Azuma Designer Jewelry

22 Aug

After studying fashion design and working in the apparel industry in Sapporo Japan, Yasuko azuma moved to New York City in 1994. A lifelong fascination with the inherent beauty and power of gemstones led her to dedicate herself to the craft of jewelry making. She studied jewelry design at The Fashion Institute of Technology, and in 2003 founded Azul Design and started producing her handmade jewelry in the U.S.

designer gold pendant
14k Gold Necklace with Peace on Earth Pendant
16" 14k gold necklace with Peace on Earth pendant and diamond.
$580

Yasuko Azuma's hand pierced romantic designs are inspired by the beauty of nature. This inherent beauty is what makes her creations so effortlessly unique. She combines colorful gemstones with techniques of Japanese metalworking techniques to achieve inspiring collections that are innovative in their timeless beauty.

gold band ring
18k Gold Forest Band Ring with Diamonds
Gold band ring with diamonds accents.
$1490

Yasuko Azuma's collections, mostly in 18k Gold, are comprised of rings, earrings, necklaces, and bracelets. Her designs are delicate yet intricate and most definitely one of a kind. Her jewelry is available in multiple locations throughout the United States, Puerto Rico, Canada, and even in Dubai.

gold pendant and chain
18k Gold Necklace with Tree of Life Pendant
16" 18k gold necklace with Tree of Life pendant and diamond.
$810

Now handcrafting every piece in New York, Yasuko Azuma creates designs that bring back the peace and tranquility of her native land. Her careful workmanship and romantic detailing is clearly visible in each piece, making it classic and timeless.

Yasuko Azuma's imaginative flair was first realized at age six when she began conceptualizing ideas for her own clothes. "My mother was a fashion designer. I started making sketches of the dresses I wanted her to sew for me." What began as a childhood fancy led her to follow in her mother's footsteps, study fashion design. After college graduation, she worked for a large clothing company in Japan. "I grew restless following a corporate vision. I had all of this energy and wanted to explore my own outlets of expression."

Micky Roof Handcrafted Jewelry

21 Aug

Unique Metal and Gemstone Jewelry
Micky Roof was introduced to the art of jewelry making by her high school art teacher, Edward Hoops, in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania. She earned a B.S. in Art Education from Mansfield State College in Mansfield, Pennsylvania, where she majored in jewelry design and fabrication; she took workshops with Stanley Lecthin from the Tyler School of Art at Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, trained at the Cheltenham Art Center in Philadelphia, and studied hollowware construction with Hans Christianson of the Rochester Institute of Technology.

Micky Roof's Latest Creations:
(Email for prices)

gold and gemstone pendant
Pink Tourmaline & Sapphire Pendant
Handcrafted 18k yellow gold pendant with tourmaline and sapphire gemstones.

Micky Roof has been a jewelry designer since 1972, specializing in custom designed, one-of-a-kind jewelry for a discriminating clientele who seek jewelry that makes a unique, personal statement. During this time, Ms. Roof has grown from a one-person studio to a shop of ten; her atelier is located on the Cayuga Lake Waterfront in Ithaca, New York.

opal brooch
18k Gold & opal Pin
18k yellow gold pin with 11.47-carat opal gemstone.

Ms. Roof's trademark is her innate ability to go beyond the boundaries of conventional design into areas that reflect natural elements, using only extraordinary gems and precious materials to express these themes. Ms. Roof's work has been shown in several important galleries in the United States, and is collected by clients nationally and internationally.

yellow gold earrings
14k Yellow Gold Dangle Earrings

Uncompromising quality (reflected in the materials she uses, and in the execution of her craft) is a consistent characteristic of Ms. Roof's creations. "You can absolutely find less-expensive jewelry," she says, "and I wouldn't suggest otherwise. But, it's very unlikely that you'll find this level of quality in a lower price range. Superior quality has always been extremely important to me, and to my art…and in that context, our prices are absolutely realistic. For the consumer, the selection process depends upon knowing what's out there, and having a good sense of what will make you happy."

Artist Statement

The inspiration for my current body of work came to me as I stepped out my front door one fall afternoon. I have two majestic old white birch trees, which in this area of New York State are a real treasure. I was looking at the texture of their limbs and the fantastic colors of fall, and wondered how I could translate this into a piece of jewelry. This inspiration soon found me rendering the delicate textures of birch twigs and sticks in precious metals.

As I am also an avid collector of opals, I chose to put these two passions together – combining the stick shapes with the brilliant and varied colors of opals. The result is the Twig Collection. This body of work seems to have no end, like nature itself. This is the kind of design that I have been seeking for many years. There is no language barrier, nor cultural barrier. It is an expression that all human beings can recognize.

In addition to her own creative self-expression, Ms. Roof is dedicated to educating the public about the importance of public support for the arts in our communities.

Anna Whitmore Designer Jewelry

20 Aug

Metal and Gemstone Jewelry
Anna Whitmore began her journey in jewelry design while still in high school; over the following years, her education within the craft of metalworking continued, though it was not a central part of her life. In 2003, with the encouragement of those close to her, Anna made the decision to plunge into the unknown and begin her own design company. Anna Whitmore Jewelry Design was born.

oxidized silver gemstone pendant
Strength Circle Necklace
Stamped and oxidized silver circle, Iolite gemstone, 14k yellow gold inner circle
Chain length: 16 inches
$137

Influenced by the subtleties of the natural world, jeweler Anna Whitmore combines hand-stamped pieces of oxidized silver with pearls, gemstones, and gold to create stunning, hand-fabricated pendants and earrings. These intricate pieces include stamped botanical designs created by the artist, featuring symbolically important flowers, leaves, and seed pods – White Oak leaves for independence, Stonecrop flowers for tranquility, Olive leaves for peace, Cedar cones for strength.

silver and gemstone earrings
Fate Teardrop Earrings
Stamped with the sisal flower and oxidized Sterling Silver teardrop, Andalusite gemstone, 14k pink gold
Earring size: 1 1/2 inches
$200

Flowers and trees have come to express meaningful sentiments, and Anna likes to share her interpretations of these forms and shapes through her jewelry. Her work uniquely combines symbolic botanical impressions with oxidized sterling silver, 14k Gold, natural gemstones, and rare pearls. She stamps meaning into every piece.

silver and pearl pendant
Independence Stick Pearl Necklace
Stamped and oxidized Sterling Silver bar, Golden Rutile gemstone, oxidized Sterling Silver chain
Chain length: 16 inches
$162

Anna Whitmore has been making jewelry for more than 10 years. She received jewelry and design training at the Mendocino Art Center and Santa Rosa Junior College. She works from her studio in beautiful Sonoma, California, and her jewelry can be found in fine galleries and boutiques around the country.

Japanese Keshi Pearls
Keshi pearls are a rare form of freshwater pearl. These pearls are only harvested every three years and are difficult to find in a high quality shape and luster. Anna uses these pearls in her designs because of their beautiful and uniquely organic shape.

Semiprecious Stones
All semiprecious stones used in Anna's designs are of natural origin (no dyed or heat treated stones), and are chosen for consistency in color and quality of cut.

Oxidized Sterling Silver
Much of Anna's work features oxidized sterling silver, which becomes more lustrous over time, and with wear it may begin to brighten on exposed surfaces and remain dark in recessions. Oxidized silver cannot be cleaned with chemicals; if necessary, use an old toothbrush, dish soap, and warm water.